Present Perfect


  • In cases where it happened in the past, the exact time is unknown.
    • I have listened that music hundred times.
    • There have been many earthquakes in my country.
  • Actions that took place in the past and are still ongoing
    • I have had a cold for two weeks.
    • Martina has been in Germany for six months.
  • Actions that took place in the past, the consequences of which are still ongoing
    • I have lost my key
    • I have studied in Bachelor.


  • Declarative sentence
    have/has+ past particle.
    The past particle form of the verb is constructed by adding the suffix ed to the end of the verb when the verb is regular. When the verb is irregular, the past particle form is constructed in a special way. It is necessary to memorize the past particle form of such irregular verbs.
    I have finished my work.
    She has cooked dinner.
    We have spent three years in Belgium.
  • Question
    In the question sentence have/has comes to the beginning of the sentence.
    Has she cooked dinner?
    Have you spent three years in Belgium?
  • Negation
    In the negation sentence after have/has not will be used.
    I have not finished my work.
    She hasn’t cooked dinner.

What is IELTS?

The IELTS test is an exam given by both those who want to study and work abroad. In this article we will give you general information about this exam.

There are two types of IELTS exams: IELTS Academic and IELTS General. Those who want to study abroad take the IELTS Academic exam, IELTS general exam is for living and working in foreign countries (Canada, UK and etc.). For example, if you want to go to work in Canada, you must take the IELTS General exam, and if you want to study, you must take the IELTS Academic exam.

IELTS sections
The IELTS exam consists of 4 sections: Reading, Listening, Writing, Speaking.

IELTS paper or computer?
The exam is on paper, not on the computer. In the conversation section, a real teacher takes an exam from you.

IELTS test results
The IELTS test is rated between 0-9 points in each of the 4 sections. The average value of these sections is also found. To find the average score, the scores for each section are summed and divided by 4. Which score the universities require depends on the university and the faculty. Typically 6.0 is required for technical studies such as engineering and computer science. Studying in Law faculty usually requires 7.0 and more score.

The cost of the IELTS exam
The cost of the IELTS exam is always variable. The cost of this exam in Azerbaijan in 2018 was 300 manat. You can get more detailed information about the price of the exam and the venue by choosing your location from the website

Irregular verbs

In English, there are regular and irregular types of verbs. The past tense of the regular verb (simple past) and the past particle form are corrected by adding one of the suffixes d, -ed to the end of the verb. (Example: I work, I worked)

Both past simple and past particle forms of irregular verbs are constructed in a special way, and it is necessary to memorize these forms for each irregular verb.

The following cards show 30 irregular verbs, on the back of the flashcard is first the past simple form of the verb and then the particle form.

Past simple and past participle forms of irregular verbs